A longitudinal study of posttraumatic stress symptoms and their predictors in rescue workers after a firework factory disaster.
Cast your vote
You can rate an item by clicking the amount of stars they wish to award to this item.
When enough users have cast their vote on this item, the average rating will also be shown.
Your vote was cast
Thank you for your feedback
Thank you for your feedback
MetadataShow full item record
CitationInt J Emerg Ment Health 2014, 16 (2):316-21 Int J Emerg Ment Health
AbstractThis is a follow up study on rescue workers participating in the primary rescue during and immediately after the explosion of a firework factory. We aimed to estimate the possible PTSD prevalence at five and 18 months post disaster, determining if the level of PTSD symptoms at 18 months could be predicted from factors measured at five months.
We included measures of posttraumatic symptoms, social support, locus of control and demographic questions.
The possible PTSD prevalence rose from 1.6% (n = 465) at five months post disaster to 3.1% (n = 130) at 18 months. A hierarchical linear regression predicted 59% of PTSD symptoms variance at 18 months post disaster. In the final regression, somatization explained the greatest part of the symptom variance (42%), followed by locus of control (29%) and major life events prior to and right after the disaster (23%).
Rescue workers seemed to be relatively robust to traumatic exposure: The prevalence of possible PTSD in our study was even lower than previous studies, probably because of the less severe consequences of the disaster studied. Furthermore, we found that PTSD symptom level at 18 months post disaster was highly predicted by psychological factors, particularly by somatization. However, further investigations of traumatic responding are required in this population.
RightsArchived with thanks to International journal of emergency mental health
- The Influence of Exposure to Natural Disasters on Depression and PTSD Symptoms among Firefighters.
- Authors: Pennington ML, Carpenter TP, Synett SJ, Torres VA, Teague J, Morissette SB, Knight J, Kamholz BW, Keane TM, Zimering RT, Gulliver SB
- Issue date: 2018 Feb
- Smoking predicts posttraumatic stress symptoms among rescue workers: a prospective study of ambulance personnel involved in the Enschede Fireworks Disaster.
- Authors: van der Velden PG, Kleber RJ, Koenen KC
- Issue date: 2008 Apr 1
- Acute stress disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, and depression in disaster or rescue workers.
- Authors: Fullerton CS, Ursano RJ, Wang L
- Issue date: 2004 Aug
- Posttraumatic stress and symptom improvement in Norwegian tourists exposed to the 2004 tsunami--a longitudinal study.
- Authors: Hussain A, Weisæth L, Heir T
- Issue date: 2013 Sep 24
- Correlates of persisting posttraumatic symptoms in children and adolescents 18 months after a cyclone disaster.
- Authors: McDermott B, Cobham V, Berry H, Kim B
- Issue date: 2014 Jan