Recurrent 2,8-dihydroxyadenine nephropathy: a rare but preventable cause of renal allograft failure.
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Cornec-Le Gall, E
Duong Van Huyen, J-P
Edvardsson, V O
MetadataShow full item record
CitationAm. J. Transplant. 2014, 14 (11):2623-32
AbstractAdenine phosphoribosyltransferase (APRT) deficiency is a rare autosomal recessive enzyme defect of purine metabolism that usually manifests as 2,8-dihydroxyadenine (2,8-DHA) nephrolithiasis and more rarely chronic kidney disease. The disease is most often misdiagnosed and can recur in the renal allograft. We analyzed nine patients with recurrent 2,8-DHA crystalline nephropathy, in all of whom the diagnosis had been missed prior to renal transplantation. The diagnosis was established at a median of 5 (range 1.5-312) weeks following the transplant procedure. Patients had delayed graft function (n=2), acute-on-chronic (n=5) or acute (n=1) allograft dysfunction, whereas one patient had normal graft function at the time of diagnosis. Analysis of allograft biopsies showed birefringent 2,8-DHA crystals in renal tubular lumens, within tubular epithelial cells and interstitium. Fourier transformed infrared microscopy confirmed the diagnosis in all cases, which was further supported by 2,8-DHA crystalluria, undetectable erythrocyte APRT enzyme activity, and genetic testing. With allopurinol therapy, the allograft function improved (n=7), remained stable (n=1) or worsened (n=1). At last follow-up, two patients had experienced allograft loss and five had persistent chronic allograft dysfunction. 2,8-DHA nephropathy is a rare but underdiagnosed and preventable disorder that can recur in the renal allograft and may lead to allograft loss.
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RightsArchived with thanks to American journal of transplantation : official journal of the American Society of Transplantation and the American Society of Transplant Surgeons
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