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dc.contributor.authorDrake, Kim E.
dc.contributor.authorGudjonsson, Gisli H.
dc.contributor.authorSigfusdottir, Inga Dora
dc.contributor.authorSigurdsson, Jon Fridrik
dc.date.accessioned2015-08-11T12:02:14Zen
dc.date.available2015-08-11T12:02:14Zen
dc.date.issued2015-07en
dc.date.submitted2015en
dc.identifier.citationPersonality and Individual Differences 2015, 81:135en
dc.identifier.issn01918869en
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.paid.2014.09.007en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2336/565824en
dc.descriptionTo access publisher's full text version of this article click on the hyperlink at the bottom of the pageen
dc.description.abstractThis study investigates the interplay between the reported experiences of negative life events, reported levels of nerves, fear and tension experienced over the past 30 days, and reported false confessions. Data were obtained from 11,388 students in further education in Iceland, out of which 5439 participants were male and 5837 were female. Single level, random intercept, structural equation models were fitted showing that latent stress-sensitivity, indicated by levels of nerves, tension, fear, and the number of negative life events experienced exerted a significant direct effect on the likelihood of false confessions. Stress-sensitive interviewees (those reporting high levels of nerves, fear, tension and negative events) may be more susceptible to environmental influences, due to heightened physiological responsiveness towards and a negative perception of situations and social encounters, with false confessions being a direct consequence of this. A suggestion from the findings is that the type of false confession (the reason for it) may possibly dependent upon which contextual trigger has influenced the interviewee the most those within the police interview itself and/or pressures from the wider environment within which they reside.
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherPergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd.en
dc.relation.urlhttp://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0191886914005091en
dc.relation.urlhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2014.09.007en
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Personality and Individual Differencesen
dc.subjectLygien
dc.subjectStreitaen
dc.subject.meshDeceptionen
dc.subject.meshLife Change Eventsen
dc.subject.meshStress, Psychologicalen
dc.titleAn investigation into the relationship between the reported experience of negative life events, trait stress-sensitivity and false confessions among further education students in Icelanden
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.department[ 1 ] Univ West London, London W5 5RF, England [ 2 ] Kings Coll London, Inst Psychiat, London SE5 8AF, England [ 3 ] Reykjavik Univ, IS-101 Reykjavik, Iceland [ 4 ] Columbia Univ, Teachers Coll, New York, NY 10027 USA [ 5 ] Univ Iceland, Landspitali, IS-101 Reykjavik, Icelanden
dc.identifier.journalPersonality and Individual Differencesen
dc.rights.accessNational Consortium - Landsaðganguren
html.description.abstractThis study investigates the interplay between the reported experiences of negative life events, reported levels of nerves, fear and tension experienced over the past 30 days, and reported false confessions. Data were obtained from 11,388 students in further education in Iceland, out of which 5439 participants were male and 5837 were female. Single level, random intercept, structural equation models were fitted showing that latent stress-sensitivity, indicated by levels of nerves, tension, fear, and the number of negative life events experienced exerted a significant direct effect on the likelihood of false confessions. Stress-sensitive interviewees (those reporting high levels of nerves, fear, tension and negative events) may be more susceptible to environmental influences, due to heightened physiological responsiveness towards and a negative perception of situations and social encounters, with false confessions being a direct consequence of this. A suggestion from the findings is that the type of false confession (the reason for it) may possibly dependent upon which contextual trigger has influenced the interviewee the most those within the police interview itself and/or pressures from the wider environment within which they reside.


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