Effectiveness of a partnership-based self-management programme for patients with mild and moderate chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a pragmatic randomized controlled trial.
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Amundadottir, Olof R
Halldorsdottir, Bryndis S
Ingadottir, Thorbjorg Soley
Jonsson, Jon Steinar
Sigurjonsdottir, Ellen D
Stefansdottir, Ingibjorg K
MetadataShow full item record
CitationJ Adv Nurs. 2015, 71 (11):2634-49
AbstractTo evaluate the effectiveness of a 6-month, partnership-based self-management programme for patients with mild and moderate chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Self-management is a widely valued concept used to address contemporary issues of chronic health problems. Findings of self-management programmes for people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease are inconclusive.
Pragmatic randomized control trial.
Patients, 45-65 years old, with mild and moderate chronic obstructive pulmonary disease were invited with a family member. Experimental group (n = 48) participated in a 6-month, partnership-based self-management programme consisting of: (a) three to four conversations between nurse and patient-family member; (b) 6 months of smoking cessation; and (c) interdisciplinary team-patient-family member group meeting. Control group (n = 52) received usual care. Data were collected at months zero, six and 12. The trial lasted from June 2009-March 2013.
Patients with mild and moderate chronic obstructive pulmonary disease who participated in the partnership-based self-management programme perceived less intrusiveness of the disease and its treatment than patients in the control group. Patients in the experimental group did not have better health-related quality of life, less anxiety or depression, increased physical activity, fewer exacerbations or better smoking status than patients in the control group. Patients in both groups found participation in the research useful and important.
The partnership-based self-management programme had benefits concerning perception of the intrusiveness of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and its treatment on lifestyles, activities and interests for young patients with the disease in its early stages. High satisfaction in control group, low family attendance and the relatively short treatment period may explain the less than expected benefits of the programme.
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