Association between healthy maternal dietary pattern and risk for gestational diabetes mellitus.
Cast your vote
You can rate an item by clicking the amount of stars they wish to award to this item.
When enough users have cast their vote on this item, the average rating will also be shown.
Your vote was cast
Thank you for your feedback
Thank you for your feedback
MetadataShow full item record
CitationEur J Clin Nutr. 2016, 70 (2):237-42
AbstractGestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with negative health effects for mother and child. The aim was to investigate the association between maternal dietary patterns and GDM.
Prospective observational study including 168 pregnant women aged 18-40 years, recruited at routine 20-week ultrasound. All participants kept a 4-day weighed food record following recruitment (commencement: gestational weeks 19-24). Principal component analysis was used to extract dietary patterns from 29 food groups. A Healthy Eating Index (HEI) was constructed. All women underwent an oral glucose tolerance test in weeks 23-28.
One clear dietary pattern (Eigenvalue 2.4) was extracted with positive factor loadings for seafood; eggs; vegetables; fruits and berries; vegetable oils; nuts and seeds; pasta; breakfast cereals; and coffee, tea and cocoa powder, and negative factor loadings for soft drinks and French fries. This pattern was labeled a prudent dietary pattern. Explained variance was 8.2%. The prevalence of GDM was 2.3% among women of normal weight before pregnancy (n=86) and 18.3% among overweight/obese women (n=82). The prudent dietary pattern was associated with lower risk of GDM (OR: 0.54; 95% CI: 0.30, 0.98). When adjusting for age, parity, prepregnancy weight, energy intake, weekly weight gain and total metabolic equivalent of task the association remained (OR: 0.36; 95% CI: 0.14, 0.94). Similar results were found when only including overweight or obese women (OR: 0.31; 95% CI: 0.13, 0.75).
Adhering to a prudent dietary pattern in pregnancy was clearly associated with lower risk of GDM, especially among women already at higher risk because of overweight/obesity before pregnancy.
DescriptionTo access publisher's full text version of this article click on the hyperlink at the bottom of the page
RightsArchived with thanks to European journal of clinical nutrition
- Dietary Patterns during Pregnancy Are Associated with Risk of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus.
- Authors: Shin D, Lee KW, Song WO
- Issue date: 2015 Nov 12
- Maternal dietary patterns and gestational diabetes mellitus: a large prospective cohort study in China.
- Authors: He JR, Yuan MY, Chen NN, Lu JH, Hu CY, Mai WB, Zhang RF, Pan YH, Qiu L, Wu YF, Xiao WQ, Liu Y, Xia HM, Qiu X
- Issue date: 2015 Apr 28
- Maternal Dietary Patterns and Gestational Diabetes Risk: A Case-Control Study.
- Authors: Sedaghat F, Akhoondan M, Ehteshami M, Aghamohammadi V, Ghanei N, Mirmiran P, Rashidkhani B
- Issue date: 2017
- Lifestyle patterns in early pregnancy linked to gestational diabetes mellitus diagnoses when using IADPSG criteria. The St Carlos gestational study.
- Authors: Ruiz-Gracia T, Duran A, Fuentes M, Rubio MA, Runkle I, Carrera EF, Torrejón MJ, Bordiú E, Valle LD, García de la Torre N, Bedia AR, Montañez C, Familiar C, Calle-Pascual AL
- Issue date: 2016 Jun
- Prepregnancy low-carbohydrate dietary pattern and risk of gestational diabetes mellitus: a prospective cohort study.
- Authors: Bao W, Bowers K, Tobias DK, Olsen SF, Chavarro J, Vaag A, Kiely M, Zhang C
- Issue date: 2014 Jun