Understanding the genetic and epigenetic basis of common variable immunodeficiency disorder through omics approaches.
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CitationUnderstanding the genetic and epigenetic basis of common variable immunodeficiency disorder through omics approaches. 2016: Biochim. Biophys. Acta
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - General Subjects, 2016, 1860 (11): 2656-2663 Special Issue: SI
AbstractCommon variable immunodeficiency disorder (CVID) is the most frequently encountered symptomatic primary immunodeficiency, characterized by highly heterogeneous immunological features and clinical presentations. As better targeted therapies are importantly needed for CVID, improved understanding of the genetic and epigenetic basis for the development of CVID presents the most promising venue for improvement.
Several genomic and epigenomic studies of CVID have recently been carried out on cohorts of sporadic cases of CVID. Using high-throughput array and sequencing technologies, these studies identified several loci associated with the disease. Here, we review the omics approaches used in these studies and resulting discoveries. We also discuss how these findings lead to improved understanding of the molecular basis of CVID and possible future directions to pursue.
High-throughput omics approaches have been productive in genetic and epigenetic studies of CVID, leading to the identifications of several significantly associated loci of different variant types, as well as genes and pathways elucidating the shared genetic basis of CVID and autoimmunity. Complex polygenic model of inheritance together with interplay between genetic components and environmental factors may account for the etiology of CVID and various associated comorbidities.
The genetic and epigenetic basis of CVID when further translated through functional studies will allow for improved understanding of the CVID etiology and will provide new insights into the development of potential new therapeutic approaches for this devastating condition. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled "System Genetics" Guest Editor: Dr. Yudong Cai and Dr. Tao Huang.
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RightsArchived with thanks to Biochimica et biophysica acta
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