Physical activity of relatively high intensity in mid-pregnancy predicts lower glucose tolerance levels.
Cast your vote
You can rate an item by clicking the amount of stars they wish to award to this item.
When enough users have cast their vote on this item, the average rating will also be shown.
Your vote was cast
Thank you for your feedback
Thank you for your feedback
MetadataShow full item record
CitationPhysical activity of relatively high intensity in mid-pregnancy predicts lower glucose tolerance levels. 2016, 95 (9):1055-62 Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand
AbstractPhysical activity (PA) is recommended as part of therapy for patients with impaired glucose tolerance. Whether such recommendations are also justified for pregnant women is less well established. We investigated the association between PA and glucose tolerance in pregnancy.
A non-selective sample of 217 pregnant women was recruited at a routine 20 week ultrasound examination. Participants answered the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) about frequency, intensity and duration of daily physical activity in the past 7 days and underwent oral glucose tolerance testing (OGTT) between 24 and 28 weeks. A subset of 72 overweight/obese pregnant women wore a pedometer for 1 week with assessment of IPAQ score and pedometric correlations to this.
Of the sample, 177 attended for OGTT; 51% were overweight or obese. The mean (SD) fasting glucose was 4.5 (0.4) mmol/L, and 12% had gestational diabetes mellitus. Only one-third engaged in vigorous PA. After adjustment for pre-pregnancy BMI, age and parity, those engaging in vigorous PA had significantly lower fasting glucose levels (by 0.15 mmol/L, 95% CI 0.03-0.27) compared with those not vigorously active. This decrease was similar in both normal and overweight/obese women. There were fewer cases of gestational diabetes (p = 0.03) among the vigorously active women (3/56; 5%) than among those who were not active (19/121; 16%). No association with glucose tolerance was observed for physical activity of moderate intensity.
Only vigorous physical activity appears beneficial with respect to maternal glucose tolerance, both among normal, overweight and obese women.
DescriptionTo access publisher's full text version of this article, please click on the hyperlink in Additional Links field or click on the hyperlink at the top of the page marked Files. This article is open access.
RightsArchived with thanks to Acta obstetricia et gynecologica Scandinavica
- Associations of physical activity and sedentary behavior during pregnancy with gestational diabetes mellitus among Asian women in Singapore.
- Authors: Padmapriya N, Bernard JY, Liang S, Loy SL, Cai S, Zhe IS, Kwek K, Godfrey KM, Gluckman PD, Saw SM, Chong YS, Chan JKY, Müller-Riemenschneider F, GUSTO Study Group.
- Issue date: 2017 Oct 18
- Fasting and post-glucose load--reference limits for peripheral venous plasma glucose concentration in pregnant women.
- Authors: Jørgensen LG, Schytte T, Brandslund I, Stahl M, Petersen PH, Andersen B
- Issue date: 2003 Feb
- Maternal triglyceride levels and newborn weight in pregnant women with normal glucose tolerance.
- Authors: Di Cianni G, Miccoli R, Volpe L, Lencioni C, Ghio A, Giovannitti MG, Cuccuru I, Pellegrini G, Chatzianagnostou K, Boldrini A, Del Prato S
- Issue date: 2005 Jan
- Oral glucose tolerance testing at gestational weeks < or =16 could predict or exclude subsequent gestational diabetes mellitus during the current pregnancy in high risk group.
- Authors: Bitó T, Nyári T, Kovács L, Pál A
- Issue date: 2005 Jul 1
- [Factors relevant to newborn birth weight in pregnancy complicated with abnormal glucose metabolism].
- Authors: Yang YD, Zhai GR, Yang HX
- Issue date: 2010 Sep