Meal frequency patterns and glycemic properties of maternal diet in relation to preterm delivery: Results from a large prospective cohort study.
Cast your vote
You can rate an item by clicking the amount of stars they wish to award to this item.
When enough users have cast their vote on this item, the average rating will also be shown.
Your vote was cast
Thank you for your feedback
Thank you for your feedback
Birgisdottir, Bryndis Eva
Brantsæter, Anne Lise
Meltzer, Helle Margrete
MetadataShow full item record
CitationMeal frequency patterns and glycemic properties of maternal diet in relation to preterm delivery: Results from a large prospective cohort study. 2017, 12 (3):e0172896 PLoS ONE
AbstractDietary habits are linked to high maternal glucose levels, associated with preterm delivery. The aim of this study was to examine the associations between meal frequency and glycemic properties of maternal diet in relation to preterm delivery.
This prospective cohort study included 66,000 women from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa). Meal frequency and food intake data were obtained from a validated food frequency questionnaire during mid-pregnancy. Principal component factor analysis was used with a data-driven approach, and three meal frequency patterns were identified: "snack meal", "main meal", and "evening meal". Pattern scores were ranked in quartiles. Glycemic index and glycemic load were estimated from table values. Intakes of carbohydrates, added sugar, and fiber were reported in grams per day and divided into quartiles. Gestational age was obtained from the Medical Birth Registry of Norway. Preterm delivery was defined as birth at <37 gestational weeks. A Cox regression model was used to assess associations with preterm delivery.
After adjustments, the "main meal" pattern was associated with a reduced risk of preterm delivery, with hazard ratios (HRs) of 0.89 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.80, 0.98) and 0.90 (95% CI: 0.81, 0.99) for the third and fourth quartiles, respectively, and p for trend of 0.028. This was mainly attributed to the group of women with BMI ≥25 kg/m2, with HRs of 0.87 (95% CI: 0.79, 0.96) and 0.89 (95% CI: 0.80, 0.98) for the third and fourth quartiles, respectively, and p for trend of 0.010. There was no association between glycemic index, glycemic load, carbohydrates, added sugar, fiber, or the remaining meal frequency patterns and preterm delivery.
Regular consumption of main meals (breakfast, lunch, dinner) was associated with a lower risk of preterm delivery. Diet should be further studied as potential contributing factors for preterm delivery.
DescriptionEfst á síðunni er hægt að nálgast greinina í heild sinni með því að smella á hlekkinn To access publisher's full text version of this article, please click on the hyperlink in Additional Links field or click on the hyperlink at the top of the page marked Files
RightsArchived with thanks to PloS one
- Maternal intake of seafood and supplementary long chain n-3 poly-unsaturated fatty acids and preterm delivery.
- Authors: Brantsæter AL, Englund-Ögge L, Haugen M, Birgisdottir BE, Knutsen HK, Sengpiel V, Myhre R, Alexander J, Nilsen RM, Jacobsson B, Meltzer HM
- Issue date: 2017 Jan 19
- Maternal dietary patterns during pregnancy and preterm delivery: a large prospective cohort study in China.
- Authors: Lu MS, He JR, Chen Q, Lu J, Wei X, Zhou Q, Chan F, Zhang L, Chen N, Qiu L, Yuan M, Cheng KK, Xia H, Qiu X, Born in Guangzhou Cohort Study Group.
- Issue date: 2018 Jul 25
- Associations of adherence to the New Nordic Diet with risk of preeclampsia and preterm delivery in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa).
- Authors: Hillesund ER, Øverby NC, Engel SM, Klungsøyr K, Harmon QE, Haugen M, Bere E
- Issue date: 2014 Oct
- Preconception dietary patterns in human pregnancies are associated with preterm delivery.
- Authors: Grieger JA, Grzeskowiak LE, Clifton VL
- Issue date: 2014 Jul
- Mediterranean-type diet and risk of preterm birth among women in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa): a prospective cohort study.
- Authors: Haugen M, Meltzer HM, Brantsaeter AL, Mikkelsen T, Osterdal ML, Alexander J, Olsen SF, Bakketeig L
- Issue date: 2008