Unemployment in chronic airflow obstruction around the world: results from the BOLD study.
Cast your vote
You can rate an item by clicking the amount of stars they wish to award to this item.
When enough users have cast their vote on this item, the average rating will also be shown.
Your vote was cast
Thank you for your feedback
Thank you for your feedback
Tan, Wan C
Obaseki, Daniel O
Amaral, Andre F S
Juvekar, Sanjay K
Koul, Parvaiz A
Buist, A Sonia
Vollmer, William M
MetadataShow full item record
CitationUnemployment in chronic airflow obstruction around the world: results from the BOLD study. 2017, 50 (3) Eur. Respir. J.
AbstractWe aimed to examine associations between chronic airflow obstruction (CAO) and unemployment across the world.Cross-sectional data from 26 sites in the Burden of Obstructive Lung Disease (BOLD) study were used to analyse effects of CAO on unemployment. Odds ratios for unemployment in subjects aged 40-65 years were estimated using a multilevel mixed-effects generalised linear model with study site as random effect. Site-by-site heterogeneity was assessed using individual participant data meta-analyses.Out of 18 710 participants, 11.3% had CAO. The ratio of unemployed subjects with CAO divided by subjects without CAO showed large site discrepancies, although these were no longer significant after adjusting for age, sex, smoking and education. The site-adjusted odds ratio (95% CI) for unemployment was 1.79 (1.41-2.27) for CAO cases, decreasing to 1.43 (1.14-1.79) after adjusting for sociodemographic factors, comorbidities and forced vital capacity. Of other covariates that were associated with unemployment, age and education were important risk factors in high-income sites (4.02 (3.53-4.57) and 3.86 (2.80-5.30), respectively), while female sex was important in low- to middle-income sites (3.23 (2.66-3.91)).In the global BOLD study, CAO was associated with increased levels of unemployment, even after adjusting for sociodemographic factors, comorbidities and lung function.
DescriptionTo access publisher's full text version of this article, please click on the hyperlink in Additional Links field or click on the hyperlink at the top of the page marked Files
RightsArchived with thanks to The European respiratory journal
- Chronic Airflow Obstruction in a Black African Population: Results of BOLD Study, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.
- Authors: Obaseki DO, Erhabor GE, Gnatiuc L, Adewole OO, Buist SA, Burney PG
- Issue date: 2016
- Body mass index and chronic airflow limitation in a worldwide population-based study.
- Authors: Vanfleteren LE, Lamprecht B, Studnicka M, Kaiser B, Gnatiuc L, Burney P, Wouters EF, Franssen FM
- Issue date: 2016 May
- The prevalence of chronic airflow obstruction in three cities in the Nordic-Baltic region.
- Authors: Broström E, Jõgi R, Gislason T, Benediktsdottir B, Burney PGJ, Janson C
- Issue date: 2018 Oct
- Comorbidities in obstructive lung disease in Korea: data from the fourth and fifth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.
- Authors: Park HJ, Leem AY, Lee SH, Song JH, Park MS, Kim YS, Kim SK, Chang J, Chung KS
- Issue date: 2015
- The prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in Uppsala, Sweden--the Burden of Obstructive Lung Disease (BOLD) study: cross-sectional population-based study.
- Authors: Danielsson P, Ólafsdóttir IS, Benediktsdóttir B, Gíslason T, Janson C
- Issue date: 2012 Apr