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dc.contributor.authorGudnadottir, Maria
dc.contributor.authorThorsteinsdottir, Thordis Katrin
dc.contributor.authorMogensen, Brynjolfur
dc.contributor.authorAspelund, Thor
dc.contributor.authorThordardottir, Edda Bjork
dc.date.accessioned2018-10-18T10:40:13Z
dc.date.available2018-10-18T10:40:13Z
dc.date.issued2018-01-01
dc.date.submitted2018-10
dc.identifier.citationAccidental injuries among older adults: An incidence study 2018, 40: 12-17 International Emergency Nursingen_US
dc.identifier.issn1878-013X
dc.identifier.pmid29661594
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.ienj.2018.03.003
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2336/620702
dc.descriptionTo access publisher's full text version of this article click on the hyperlink belowen_US
dc.description.abstractTo date, the majority of studies assessing accidental injuries among the elderly have focused on fall injuries, while studies of other mechanisms of injuries have been lacking. Therefore, the main objective of this study was to investigate all injury-related visits among older adults to an emergency department and risk factors for injuries. Data were collected on all registered visits of adults, ≥67 years old, living in the capital of Iceland, to the emergency department of Landspitali, the National University Hospital, in 2011 and 2012. The yearly incidence rate for injuries was 106 per 1000 adults, ≥67 years old. Of all injuries (n = 4,469), falls were the most common mechanism of injury (78 per 1000), followed by being struck or hit (12 per 1000) and being crushed, cut or pierced (8 per 1000). Other mechanisms of injury, such as acute overexertion, foreign body in natural orifice, injuries caused by thermal and chemical effect and other and unspecified mechanism were less common (8 per 1000). Fractures were the most common consequences of injuries (36 per 1000). The most frequent place of injury was in or around homes (77 per 1000), with men being more likely than women to be injured outside of the home (60 per 1000 vs. 36 per 1000). Results indicate that falls are the main cause of accidental injuries, followed by being struck and hit injuries but other causes contributed to the rest. Falls constitute a major public health problem and fall-related injuries can have a substantial impact on the lives of older adults. As life expectancy continues to increase, fall risk is expected to increase. Since falls constitute a major impact on the lives of older adults and can lead to not only declines in physical activity and functional status, but to considerable health care costs, the health care system needs to intervene.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherElsevieren_US
dc.relation.urlhttps://reader.elsevier.com/reader/sd/pii/S1755599X18300351?token=EB9926F55E27CB8E1BAEFB6D391F1DE0C31DB48567140A183F1155A3ADDDF314FFE948EBF4320370801EE2FF70DFE9A3en_US
dc.subjectAccidentsen_US
dc.subjectEmergency departmenten_US
dc.subjectEpidemiologyen_US
dc.subjectFallsen_US
dc.subjectGenderen_US
dc.subjectGeriatricsen_US
dc.subjectInjuriesen_US
dc.subjectOlder adultsen_US
dc.subjectRisk factorsen_US
dc.subjectAldraðiren_US
dc.subjectBráðamóttakaen_US
dc.subjectSlysen_US
dc.subjectBylturen_US
dc.subject.meshAgeden_US
dc.subject.meshEmergency Service, Hospitalen_US
dc.subject.meshAccidental Fallsen_US
dc.subject.meshAccidentsen_US
dc.titleAccidental injuries among older adults: An incidence study.en_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.contributor.department1 Centre of Public Health Sciences, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland. Electronic address: maria.gudnadottir@gmail.com. 2 Research Institute in Emergency Care, Landspitali, The National University Hospital of Iceland, Iceland; Faculty of Nursing, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland. Electronic address: thordith@landspitali.is. 3 Research Institute in Emergency Care, Landspitali, The National University Hospital of Iceland, Iceland; Faculty of Medicine, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland. Electronic address: brynmog@landspitali.is. 4 Centre of Public Health Sciences, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland; Icelandic Heart Association, Iceland. Electronic address: thor@hi.is. 5 Centre of Public Health Sciences, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland. Electronic address: eddat@hi.is.en_US
dc.identifier.journalInternational Emergency Nursingen_US
dc.rights.accessNational Consortium - Landsaðganguren_US
dc.departmentcodeEAN12
dc.departmentcodeEAM12
dc.source.journaltitleInternational emergency nursing


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