The association between different traumatic life events and suicidality.
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AuthorsÁsgeirsdóttir, Hildur G
Valdimarsdóttir, Unnur A
Þorsteinsdóttir, Þórdís K
Lund, Sigrún H
Ásgeirsdóttir, Tinna L
MetadataShow full item record
CitationThe association between different traumatic life events and suicidality. 2018, 9(1):1510279 Eur J Psychotraumatol
Abstract: Traumatic life events have been associated with increased risk of various psychiatric disorders, even suicidality. Our aim was to investigate the association between different traumatic life events and suicidality, by type of event and gender. Los eventos vitales traumáticos han sido asociados con un riesgo más alto de trastornos mentales, incluso suicidalidad. Nuestro objetivo fue investigar la asociación entre diferentes eventos vitales traumáticos diferentes y suicidalidad, por tipo de evento y género. 背景：创伤性生活事件与多种精神疾病的患病风险增加有关，其中也包括自杀风险。我们的研究目的是根据事件类型和性别，分别考察不同创伤生活事件和自杀之间的关系。方法：被试由参加癌症筛查的冰岛妇女（N = 689）和随机抽样的一般人群（N = 709）组成，在网络上完成调查问卷。生活事件通过《生活压力源检查表 - 修订版》测量，根据DSM-5判断创伤性生活事件。自我报告的自杀念头，有自杀意图的自残和自杀未遂都被视为‘终身自杀’（lifetime suicidality）。 我们使用泊松回归，控制人口统计学因素，计算相对风险（relative risks ）来度量创伤事件与自杀之间的关联性。结果：被试回应率为66％（922/1398）。 终身创伤事件的发生率在女性中为76％，在男性中为77％。 终身自杀率在女性中为11％，在男性中为17％。 经历过创伤事件与自杀的总体相关（RR 2.05，CI 1.21–3.75），在男性中（RR 3.14，CI 1.25–7.89）相比女性（RR 1.45，CI 0.70–2.99）这种关联性更强。 经历人际创伤（RR 2.97，CI 1.67–5.67），童年创伤（RR 4.09，CI 2.27–7.36）和性创伤（RR 3.44，CI 1.85–6.37）的被试自杀的可能性更高，男性尤甚。此外，还在男性中发现非人际创伤与自杀之间存在关联（RR 3.27，CI 1.30–8.25），但在女性中则没有出现关联（RR 1.27，CI 0.59–2.70）。结论：研究结果表明，自杀与创伤性生活事件有关，尤其是与男性和人际创伤相关最强。.
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