Performance of the EUCAST disc diffusion method and two MIC methods in detection of Enterobacteriaceae with reduced susceptibility to meropenem: the NordicAST CPE study.
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Giske, Christian G
Hansen, Dennis S
Helgason, Kristjan Orri
Löhr, Iren H
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CitationPerformance of the EUCAST disc diffusion method and two MIC methods in detection of Enterobacteriaceae with reduced susceptibility to meropenem: the NordicAST CPE study. 2018, 73(10):2738-2747 J Antimicrob Chemother
AbstractTo examine performance of EUCAST disc diffusion and supplementary MIC methods for detection of Enterobacteriaceae with reduced susceptibility to meropenem using EUCAST screening recommendations. Sixty-one Nordic laboratories delivered data on EUCAST disc diffusion (n = 61), semi-automated meropenem MIC (n = 23; VITEK2, n = 20 and Phoenix, n = 3) and gradient meropenem MIC (n = 58) methods. The strains (n = 27) included the major carbapenemase classes (A, n = 4; B, n = 9; D, n = 6) involved in the global spread of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) and non-CPE strains (n = 8) covering a range of broth microdilution (BMD) meropenem MICs. A triplicate Klebsiella variicola (meropenem MIC 0.5 mg/L) harbouring OXA-48 and Escherichia coli ATCC 25922 showed an overall good precision. Meropenem zone diameters below the EUCAST screening cut-off (<27 mm) were reported for strains with MIC ≥1 mg/L (n = 21), irrespective of resistance mechanism. For three strains (MIC = 0.5 mg/L) with OXA-48/-181, eight laboratories provided meropenem zone diameters above the screening cut-off. Very major errors (VMEs) were not observed. The overall distributions of major errors (MEs) and minor errors (mEs) were 9% and 36% (disc diffusion), 26% and 18% (VITEK2) and 7% and 20% (gradient MIC), respectively. Differences in ME and mE distributions between disc diffusion and MIC gradient tests compared with semi-automated methods were significant (P < 0.0001), using BMD MICs as a reference for categorization. The EUCAST disc diffusion method is a robust method to screen for CPE but isolates with meropenem MICs <1 mg/L pose challenges. The high ME rate in semi-automated methods might deter appropriate use of carbapenems in CPE infections with limited therapeutic options.
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