To Reverse Atrophy of Human Muscles in Complete SCI Lower Motor Neuron Denervation by Home-Based Functional Electrical Stimulation.
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CitationTo Reverse Atrophy of Human Muscles in Complete SCI Lower Motor Neuron Denervation by Home-Based Functional Electrical Stimulation. 2018, 1088: 585-591 Adv Exp Med Biol.
AbstractAfter spinal cord injury (SCI), patients spend daily several hours in wheelchairs, sitting on their hamstring muscles. SCI causes muscle atrophy and wasting, which is especially severe after complete and permanent damage to lower motor neurons. A European Union (EU)-supported work demonstrates that electrical fields produced by large electrodes and purpose-developed electrical stimulators recover both quadriceps and hamstring muscles, producing a cushioning effect capable of benefitting SCI patients, even in the worst case of complete and long-term lower motor neuron denervation of leg muscles. We reported that 20 out of 25 patients completed a 2-year h-bFES program, which resulted in (1) a 35% increase in cross-sectional area of the quadriceps muscles (P < 0.001), (2) a 75% increase in mean diameter of quadriceps muscle fibers (P < 0.001), and (3) improvement of the ultrastructural organization of contractile machinery and of the Ca2+-handling system. Though not expected, after 2 years during which the 20 subjects performed 5 days per week h-bFES of the atrophic quadriceps muscles, the CT cross-sectional area of the hamstring muscles also augmented, increasing from 26.9+/-8.4 (cm
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- Atrophy, ultra-structural disorders, severe atrophy and degeneration of denervated human muscle in SCI and Aging. Implications for their recovery by Functional Electrical Stimulation, updated 2017.
- Authors: Kern H, Hofer C, Loefler S, Zampieri S, Gargiulo P, Baba A, Marcante A, Piccione F, Pond A, Carraro U
- Issue date: 2017 Jul
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- Authors: Kern H, Carraro U, Adami N, Biral D, Hofer C, Forstner C, Mödlin M, Vogelauer M, Pond A, Boncompagni S, Paolini C, Mayr W, Protasi F, Zampieri S
- Issue date: 2010 Oct
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- Issue date: 2018 Apr
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- Issue date: 2010 Feb
- Recovery from muscle weakness by exercise and FES: lessons from Masters, active or sedentary seniors and SCI patients.
- Authors: Carraro U, Kern H, Gava P, Hofer C, Loefler S, Gargiulo P, Edmunds K, Árnadóttir ÍD, Zampieri S, Ravara B, Gava F, Nori A, Gobbo V, Masiero S, Marcante A, Baba A, Piccione F, Schils S, Pond A, Mosole S
- Issue date: 2017 Aug