Surgical repair of long-gap esophageal atresia: A retrospective study comparing the management of long-gap esophageal atresia in the Nordic countries.
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Svensson, Jan F
Lilja, Helene Engstrand
Thorup, Jørgen Mogens
Pedersen, Rikke Neess
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CitationSurgical repair of long-gap esophageal atresia: A retrospective study comparing the management of long-gap esophageal 54(3):423-428 J Pediatr Surg
AbstractSeveral surgical procedures have been described in the reconstruction of long-gap esophageal atresia (LGEA). We reviewed the surgical methods used in children with LGEA in the Nordic countries over a 15-year period and the postoperative complications within the first postoperative year. Retrospective multicenter medical record review of all children born with Gross type A or B esophageal atresia between 01/01/2000 and 12/31/2014 reconstructed within their first year of life. We included 71 children; 56 had Gross type A and 15 type B LGEA. Delayed primary anastomosis (DPA) was performed in 52.1% and an esophageal replacement procedure in 47.9%. Gastric pull-up (GPU) was the most frequent procedure (25.4%). The frequency of chromosomal abnormalities, congenital heart defects and other anomalies was significantly higher in patients who had a replacement procedure. The frequency of gastroesophageal reflux (GER) was significantly higher after DPA compared to esophageal replacement (p = 0.013). At 1-year follow-up the mean body weight was higher after DPA than after organ interposition (p = 0.043). DPA and esophageal replacement procedures were equally applied. Postoperative complications and follow-up were similar except for the development of GER and the body weight at 1-year follow-up. Long-term results should be investigated.
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