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dc.contributor.authorCarlsen, Hanne Krage
dc.contributor.authorAspelund, Thor
dc.contributor.authorBriem, Haraldur
dc.contributor.authorGislason, Thorarinn
dc.contributor.authorJóhannsson, Thorsteinn
dc.contributor.authorValdimarsdóttir, Unnur
dc.contributor.authorGudnason, Thorolfur
dc.date.accessioned2019-08-23T12:02:38Z
dc.date.available2019-08-23T12:02:38Z
dc.date.issued2019-05-01
dc.date.submitted2019-08
dc.identifier.citationRespiratory health among professionals exposed to extreme SO2 levels from a volcanic eruption. 2019, 45(3):312-315 Scand J Work Environ Healthen_US
dc.identifier.issn1795-990X
dc.identifier.pmid30835315
dc.identifier.doi10.5271/sjweh.3783
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2336/621008
dc.descriptionTo access publisher's full text version of this article click on the hyperlink belowen_US
dc.description.abstractObjective The Holuhraun eruption of fall and winter 2014-15 produced large amounts of sulfur dioxide (SO 2). The aim of this study was to determine if exposure to extreme SO 2levels affected the health of individuals working at the eruption site. Methods During January‒March 2015, earth scientists, technicians, and law enforcement personnel who were about to work at the eruption site were invited to a respiratory health examination. Symptom reports and lung function measures, forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV 1) and forced vital capacity (FVC) were collected before and after an eruption site visit. Those with previous exposure (N=27) reported symptoms retrospectively. Results Altogether, 41 individuals were invited to participate, 32 underwent a clinical examination at a hospital respiratory health clinic (baseline); 27 reported symptoms during earlier visits to the eruption site (retrospective symptom reports), 17 were re-examined 1-6 days after visiting the eruption site (follow-up). All participants' lung function was within normal range both before and after exposure. At baseline, average FEV 1was 107.4% of predicted versus 106.6 at follow-up (P =0.82); average FVC was 107.0% of predicted at baseline versus 107.4% at follow-up (P=0.35). Eye and nasal irritation were more frequently reported during eruption site exposure by 24% versus 6% (P =0.37) for both. Conclusion Although "healthy-worker" effects cannot be excluded, our data indicate that SO 2exposure was associated with relatively mild and transient respiratory symptoms with no clinical signs of airway inflammation or airway obstruction.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipIcelandic Ministry of Health NORDRESS-Nordic Centre of Excellence on Resilience and Societal Securityen_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherFinland Institute of Occupational Healthen_US
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.sjweh.fi/show_abstract.php?abstract_id=3783en_US
dc.subjectBrennisteinsdíoxíðen_US
dc.subjectÖndunarfærasjúkdómaren_US
dc.subject.meshSulfur Dioxideen_US
dc.subject.meshRespiratory Tract Diseasesen_US
dc.titleRespiratory health among professionals exposed to extreme SO2 levels from a volcanic eruption.en_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.contributor.department[ 1 ] Univ Iceland, Ctr Publ Hlth Sci, Sturlugata 8, IS-101 Reykjavik, Iceland Show more [ 2 ] Univ Iceland, Sch Engn & Nat Sci, Reykjavik, Iceland Show more [ 3 ] Univ Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska Acad, Dept Publ Hlth & Community Med, Sect Occupat & Environm Med,Inst Med, Gothenburg, Sweden Show more [ 4 ] Univ Iceland, Sch Hlth Sci, Reykjavik, Iceland [ 5 ] Ctr Hlth Threats & Communicable Dis, Directorate Hlth, Reykjavik, Iceland Show more [ 6 ] Landspitali Natl Univ Hosp, Reykjavik, Iceland Show more [ 7 ] Univ Iceland, Fac Med, Reykjavik, Iceland [ 8 ] Environm Agcy, Reykjavik, Iceland Show more [ 9 ] Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Epidemiol & Biostat, Stockholm, Sweden Show more [ 10 ] Harvard TH Chan Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol, Boston, MA USAen_US
dc.identifier.journalScandinavian journal of work, environment & healthen_US
dc.rights.accessClosed - Lokaðen_US
dc.departmentcodePAD12
dc.source.journaltitleScandinavian journal of work, environment & health


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