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dc.contributor.authorPearlman, Rachel
dc.contributor.authorHaraldsdottir, Sigurdis
dc.contributor.authorde la Chapelle, Albert
dc.contributor.authorJonasson, Jon G
dc.contributor.authorLiyanarachchi, Sandya
dc.contributor.authorFrankel, Wendy L
dc.contributor.authorRafnar, Thorunn
dc.contributor.authorStefansson, Kari
dc.contributor.authorPritchard, Colin C
dc.contributor.authorHampel, Heather
dc.date.accessioned2019-09-04T13:01:15Z
dc.date.available2019-09-04T13:01:15Z
dc.date.issued2019-07
dc.date.submitted2019-09
dc.identifier.citationClinical characteristics of patients with colorectal cancer with double somatic mismatch repair mutations compared with Lynch syndrome. 2019, 56(7):462-470 J Med Geneten_US
dc.identifier.issn1468-6244
dc.identifier.pmid30877237
dc.identifier.doi10.1136/jmedgenet-2018-105698
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2336/621035
dc.descriptionTo access publisher's full text version of this article click on the hyperlink belowen_US
dc.description.abstractBACKGROUND: Patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) with mismatch repair-deficient (dMMR) tumours without MLH1 methylation or germline MMR pathogenic variants (PV) were previously thought to have Lynch syndrome (LS). It is now appreciated that they can have double somatic (DS) MMR PVs. We explored the clinical characteristics between patients with DS tumours and LS in two population-based cohorts. METHODS: We included patients with CRC from Ohio 2013-2016 and Iceland 2000-2009. All had microsatellite instability testing and/or immunohistochemistry (IHC) of MMR proteins, and MLH1 methylation testing when indicated. Germline next-generation sequencing was performed for all with dMMR tumours; tumour sequencing followed for patients with unexplained dMMR. Clinical characteristics of DS patients and patients with LS were compared. RESULTS: Of the 232 and 51 patients with non-methylated dMMR tumours in the Ohio and Iceland cohorts, respectively, 57.8% (n=134) and 45.1% (n=23) had LS, 32.8% (n=76) and 31.4% (n=16) had DS PVs, 6% (n=14) and 9.8% (n=5) were unexplained and 4.3% (n=10) and 13.7% (n=7) had incorrect IHC. Age of diagnosis for DS patients was older than patients with LS (p=3.73×10-4) in the two cohorts. Patients with LS were more likely to meet Amsterdam II criteria (OR=15.81, p=8.47×10-6) and have multiple LS-associated tumours (OR=6.67, p=3.31×10-5). Absence of MLH1/PMS2 was predictive of DS PVs; isolated MSH6 and PMS2 absence was predictive of LS in both cohorts. CONCLUSIONS: Individuals with LS are 15× more likely to meet Amsterdam II criteria and >5× more likely to have multiple cancers as compared with those with DS tumours. Furthermore, isolated loss of MSH6 or PMS2 protein predicts LS.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipPelotonia National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MDen_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherBMJ Publishing Groupen_US
dc.relation.urlhttps://jmg.bmj.com/content/56/7/462en_US
dc.subjectDNA repair systemen_US
dc.subjectLynch-like syndromeen_US
dc.subjectsomatic mutationen_US
dc.subjecttumour testingen_US
dc.subjectRistilkrabbameinen_US
dc.subject.meshColorectal Neoplasmsen_US
dc.subject.meshColorectal Neoplasms, Hereditary Nonpolyposisen_US
dc.titleClinical characteristics of patients with colorectal cancer with double somatic mismatch repair mutations compared with Lynch syndrome.en_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.contributor.department1 Internal Medicine, Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio, USA. 2 Internal Medicine, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA. 3 Cancer Biology and Genetics, Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio, USA. 4 Pathology, Landspitali-National University Hospital, Reykjavik, Iceland. 5 University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland. 6 Pathology, Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio, USA. 7 deCODE Genetics, Reykjavik, Iceland. 8 Laboratory Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA. # Contributed equallyen_US
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Medical Geneticsen_US
dc.rights.accessNational Consortium - Landsaðganguren_US
dc.departmentcodePTT12
dc.source.journaltitleJournal of medical genetics


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