Moving from stigmatization toward competent interdisciplinary care of patients with functional neurological disorders: focus group interviews.
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AuthorsKlinke, Marianne E
Hjartardóttir, Thórdís Edda
Andrésdóttir, GuĐbjörg Thóra
MetadataShow full item record
CitationMoving from stigmatization toward competent interdisciplinary care of patients with functional neurological disorders: focus group interviews. 2019,
AbstractPurpose: To explore facilitating and inhibiting factors in the inpatient care of patients with functional neurological disorders as experienced by interdisciplinary teams of healthcare professionals. Method: Qualitative focus group interviews were conducted with 18 healthcare professionals of various professions. Data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis with inductive coding of data. Results: Two main categories were formulated: (a) Giving the diagnosis to patients - a moment of fragility and opportunities, and (b) Organization of care - ensuring the continuity and protecting patients' self-image. One overarching theme tied the two categories together: Establishing coherence in the inpatient trajectory - moving from stigmatization toward competent care. Coherence and steadiness in care was a prerequisite for transparency in goalsetting and for designating the responsibilities of individual healthcare professionals. Stigma and having clinical experience and knowledge of functional neurological disorders, as two counter-factors, influenced the extent to which this was achieved. Examples of facilitating factors for enhancing competent care were documentation of symptoms, effective ways of passing on clinical information, education, professional dialog, and organizational support. Discussion: To nurture competent care, guidelines, structured educational initiatives and other supportive actions should be promoted. We provide ideas for the next logical steps for clinical practice and research. IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATION Close collaboration between interdisciplinary healthcare professionals plays an important role for reaching optimal results in the rehabilitation of inpatients with functional neurological disorder. There is currently limited knowledge regarding the facilitating and inhibiting features encountered by interdisciplinary healthcare professionals in the provision of care for patients with a functional neurological disorder. The findings show that a working environment that endorses a skillful culture of practice and which facilitates actions to reduce problems that hamper effective teamwork needs to be promoted. Solutions that help to solve many obstacles encountered by the team of healthcare professionals in the care provision of patients with functional neurological disorders include open dialog regarding symptoms, diagnosis and treatment, effective ways of documenting and reporting symptoms, and availability of guidelines and supporting educational material.
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