Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorTómas Guðbjartsson
dc.contributor.authorEngilbert Sigurðsson
dc.contributor.authorMagnús Gottfreðsson
dc.contributor.authorÓlafur Már Björnsson
dc.contributor.authorGunnar Guðmundsson
dc.date.accessioned2019-11-14T12:32:49Z
dc.date.available2019-11-14T12:32:49Z
dc.date.issued2019-11
dc.date.submitted2019-11
dc.identifier.citationLæknablaðið 2019, 105(11): 499-507en_US
dc.identifier.issn0023-7213
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2336/621174
dc.descriptionTo access publisher's full text version of this article, please click on the hyperlink in Additional Links field or click on the hyperlink at the top of the page marked Downloaden_US
dc.description.abstractÞegar komið er yfir 2500 m hæð yfir sjávarmáli geta einkenni hæðarveiki gert vart við sig innan nokkurra daga. Áhættan ræðst einkum af hæð og hraða hækkunar og einkennin eru fjölbreytt. Háfjallaveiki er langalgengust en lífshættulegur hæðarheilabjúgur og hæðarlungnabjúgur geta einnig komið fram. Orsök hæðarveiki er súrefnisskortur og ófullnægjandi hæðaraðlögun, en meingerð sjúkdómanna sem hæðarveikin getur valdið ræðst af viðbrögðum líkamans við súrefnisskorti. Algengustu einkenni háfjallaveiki eru höfuðverkur, þreyta, slappleiki, ógleði og lystarleysi, en svefntruflanir og meltingaróþægindi eru sömuleiðis algengar kvartanir. Algengustu einkenni hæðarlungnabjúgs eru mæði og þróttleysi en helstu einkenni hæðarheilabjúgs eru jafnvægistruflanir auk þess sem ruglástand getur þróast og meðvitundarskerðing átt sér stað. Hér er fjallað um öll þessi þrjú birtingarform hæðarveiki, fyrirbyggjandi ráðstafanir og meðferð en einnig nýja þekkingu á meingerð.en_US
dc.description.abstractUpon reaching a height over 2500 m above seal level symptoms of altitude illness can develop over 1 – 5 days. The risk is mainly determined by the altitude and rate of ascent and the symptoms vary. Most common are symptoms of acute mountain illness (AMS) but more dangerous high altitude cerebral edema (HACE) and high altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) can also develop. The causes of AMS, HACE and HAPE are lack of oxygen and insufficient acclimatization, but the presenting form is determined by the responses of the body to the lack of oxygen. The most common symptoms of AMS include headache, fatique and nausea, but insomnia and nausea are also common. The most common symptoms of HAPE are breathlessness and lassitude whereas the cardinal sign of HACE is ataxia, but confusion and loss of consciousness can also develop. In this article all three main forms of altitude illness are reviewed. The emphasis is on preventive measures and treatment but new knowledge on pathogenesis is also addressed.en_US
dc.language.isoisen_US
dc.publisherLæknafélag Íslands, Læknafélag Reykjavíkuren_US
dc.relation.urlhttps://www.laeknabladid.is/tolublod/2019/11/nr/7169en_US
dc.subjectHæðarveikien_US
dc.subject.meshAltitude Sicknessen_US
dc.titleHæðarveiki og tengdir sjúkdómaren_US
dc.title.alternativeHigh altitude illness and related diseases – a reviewen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.contributor.department1) Hjarta- og lungnaskurðdeild, 2) Læknadeild Háskóla Íslands, 3) Geðsviði Landspítala, 4) Vísindadeild, 5) Smitsjúkdómadeild Landspítala, 6) Sjónlag augnlæknastöð, 7) Lungnadeild Landspítalaen_US
dc.identifier.journalLæknablaðiðen_US
dc.rights.accessOpen Access - Opinn aðganguren_US
dc.departmentcodeTAS12
dc.departmentcodePSY12
dc.departmentcodeTMD12
dc.departmentcodeRES12
dc.departmentcodePAD12
refterms.dateFOA2019-11-14T12:32:50Z


Files in this item

Thumbnail
Name:
Hæðarveiki ....pdf
Size:
725.2Kb
Format:
PDF

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record