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dc.contributor.authorChang, Milan
dc.contributor.authorGeirsdottir, Olof G
dc.contributor.authorSigurdarsdottir, Sigurveig H
dc.contributor.authorKåreholt, Ingemar
dc.contributor.authorRamel, Alfons
dc.date.accessioned2020-02-17T11:22:37Z
dc.date.available2020-02-17T11:22:37Z
dc.date.issued2019-12
dc.date.submitted2020-02
dc.identifier.citationChang M, Geirsdottir OG, Sigurdarsdottir SH, Kåreholt I, Ramel A. Associations between education and need for care among community dwelling older adults in Iceland. Scand J Caring Sci. 2019;33(4):885–891. doi:10.1111/scs.12685en_US
dc.identifier.pmid31058338
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/scs.12685
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2336/621292
dc.descriptionTo access publisher's full text version of this article click on the hyperlink belowen_US
dc.description.abstractBackground: Older adults in Iceland have good access to social services that support them in maintaining an independent life, although receiving informal care is common for community living older adults in Iceland. The aim of this study was to examine whether the need for care as well as receiving formal and informal care is associated with education among older adults in Iceland. Methods: Among a national sample of 782 Icelandic community dwelling old adults (mean age 76.9 ± 7.4 years, 55% women), a telephone survey was conducted. The survey included questions on: socioeconomic status, social network, health status, activities of daily living and formal/informal care. Results: A full data set was available for 720 subjects and among these, 349 (48.5%) had no need for care, 197 (27.4%) received informal care only, 31 (4.3%) received formal care only, and 143 (19.9%) received both type of care. Participants with higher education were significantly less likely to need care (OR 0.67, 95% CI, 0.47-0.97, p = 0.031) when compared with those who had primary education. Categorisation by age showed that this difference was only significant in participants younger than 80 years. Education was not related to formal care, but adults with higher education were less likely to receive informal care compared with older adults who had primary education (OR: 0.65, 95%CI: 0.46, 0.93, p = 0.018). Conclusions: People with higher education were significantly less likely to need care and this association was mainly present among those aged below 80 years. Further, in participants that needed care, the likelihood of receiving informal care was lower in highly educated participants, but no differences in formal care were observed between educational levels.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipNordForsken_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherWileyen_US
dc.relation.urlhttps://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/scs.12685en_US
dc.rights© 2019 Nordic College of Caring Science.
dc.subjectcommunity dwellingen_US
dc.subjecteducationen_US
dc.subjectformal careen_US
dc.subjectinformal careen_US
dc.subjectneed for careen_US
dc.subjectAldraðiren_US
dc.subjectHeimaþjónustaen_US
dc.subjectÖldrunarþjónustaen_US
dc.subjectHeimahjúkrunen_US
dc.subjectMenntunen_US
dc.subject.meshAgeden_US
dc.subject.meshHome Care Servicesen_US
dc.subject.meshHome Nursingen_US
dc.subject.meshHome Nursingen_US
dc.titleAssociations between education and need for care among community dwelling older adults in Iceland.en_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.eissn1471-6712
dc.contributor.department1Faculty of Health Promotion, Sports and Leisure Studies, School of Education, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland. 2The Icelandic Gerontological Research Institute, National University Hospital of Iceland & Faculty of Medicine, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland. 3Unit for Nutrition Research, National University Hospital of Iceland & Faculty of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland. 4School of Social Science, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland. 5Institute of Gerontology and Aging Research Network, School of Health and Welfare, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.en_US
dc.identifier.journalScandinavian Journal of Caring Sciencesen_US
dc.rights.accessNational Consortium - Landsaðganguren_US
dc.departmentcodeNUR12
dc.departmentcodeGER12
dc.source.journaltitleScandinavian journal of caring sciences
dc.source.volume33
dc.source.issue4
dc.source.beginpage885
dc.source.endpage891
dc.source.countrySweden


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