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dc.contributor.authorKatrín Hjaltadóttir
dc.contributor.authorKristín Huld Haraldsdóttir
dc.contributor.authorPáll Helgi Möller
dc.date.accessioned2020-11-16T15:59:02Z
dc.date.available2020-11-16T15:59:02Z
dc.date.issued2020-10
dc.date.submitted2020-11
dc.identifier.citationKatrín Hjaltadóttir, Kristín Huld Haraldsdóttir, Páll Helgi Möller. Gallsteinar – yfirlitsgrein. Læknablaðið. 2020; 106(10): 464-72.en_US
dc.identifier.issn0023-7213
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2336/621555
dc.descriptionTo access publisher's full text version of this article, please click on the hyperlink in Additional Links field or click on the hyperlink at the top of the page marked Downloaden_US
dc.description.abstractGallsteinar og fylgikvillar þeirra eru með algengustu innlagnarástæðum á skurðdeildir. Meðalalgengi gallsteina er um 20% og virðist sem innlögnum og aðgerðum vegna þeirra fari fjölgandi. Gallsteinar myndast yfirleitt í gallblöðrunni en geta einnig myndast í galltré innan eða utan lifrar. Stærstur hluti þeirra er úr kólesteróli sem frásogað er úr fæðunni. Ákveðnir hópar einstaklinga eru í meiri hættu á að mynda gallsteina og má sem dæmi nefna konur, einstaklinga í ofþyngd og þá sem hafa lést mikið á stuttum tíma. Langflestir sem hafa gallsteina fá aldrei einkenni vegna þeirra en líkur á fylgikvillum gallsteina eru um 2% á ári. Gallsteinar geta valdið verkjum eða öðrum fylgikvillum sem krefjast meðferðar og eftirlits skurðlækna og sérhæfðra speglunarlækna. Hér verður farið yfir meingerð, fylgikvilla, greiningu og meðferð gallsteina.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe prevalence of gallstones is 20 % making it one of the most common causes for admissions to surgical wards. It seems that admissions and operations for gallstone disease are increasing. Gallstones are formed in the gallbladder but can also form in the biliary tree and most are made of cholesterol which is absorbed from the diet. Risk factors for gallstones and gallstone related disease are for example female gender, obesity and rapid weight loss. Most patients with gallstones never experience any symptoms but the risk of presenting with complications related to gallstones is two percent per year. Patients with gallstones can present with pain or other more serious complications that demand surgical treatment and follow-up. This article will cover pathophysiology, complications, diagnosis and treatment of gallstone disease.en_US
dc.language.isoisen_US
dc.publisherLæknafélag Íslandsen_US
dc.relation.urlhttps://www.laeknabladid.is/tolublod/2020/10/nr/7461en_US
dc.subjectGallsteinaren_US
dc.subject.meshGallstonesen_US
dc.titleGallsteinar – yfirlitsgreinen_US
dc.title.alternativeGallstones – reviewen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.eissn1670-4959
dc.contributor.department1 Skurðdeild Sahlgrenska-sjúkrahúsins í Gautaborg, Svíþjóð, 2 kviðarholsskurðdeild Landspítala, 3 læknadeild Háskóla Íslands.en_US
dc.identifier.journalLæknablaðiðen_US
dc.rights.accessOpen Access - Opinn aðganguren_US
dc.departmentcodeSAM12
refterms.dateFOA2020-11-16T15:59:03Z


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