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dc.contributor.authorÁsgeirsdóttir, Hildur G
dc.contributor.authorValdimarsdóttir, Unnur A
dc.contributor.authorNyberg, Ullakarin
dc.contributor.authorLund, Sigrún H
dc.contributor.authorTomasson, Gunnar
dc.contributor.authorÞorsteinsdóttir, Þórdís K
dc.contributor.authorÁsgeirsdóttir, Tinna L
dc.contributor.authorHauksdóttir, Arna
dc.date.accessioned2021-03-02T13:06:57Z
dc.date.available2021-03-02T13:06:57Z
dc.date.issued2020-12
dc.date.submitted2021-03
dc.identifier.citationÁsgeirsdóttir HG, Valdimarsdóttir UA, Nyberg U, Lund SH, Tomasson G, Þorsteinsdóttir ÞK, Ásgeirsdóttir TL, Hauksdóttir A. Suicide rates in Iceland before and after the 2008 Global Recession: a nationwide population-based study. Eur J Public Health. 2020 Dec 11;30(6):1102-1108. doi: 10.1093/eurpub/ckaa121.en_US
dc.identifier.pmid32789460
dc.identifier.doi10.1093/eurpub/ckaa121
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2336/621678
dc.descriptionTo access publisher's full text version of this article click on the hyperlink belowen_US
dc.description.abstractBackground: Economic downturns have been associated with increased suicide rates. The 2008 global financial crisis varied across countries but hit Iceland relatively hard. We aimed to study potential changes in suicide rates in Iceland during this major economic transition. Methods: Data were retrieved on all suicides in Iceland during 2002-14. The study period was divided into a pre-collapse period (2002-08) and a post-collapse period (2008-14). Poisson regression models were used to estimate the association between pre-to-post economic collapse and suicide rates, expressed as risk ratios (RR) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Analyses were stratified by age and sex. Results: A total of 470 suicides were recorded during the study period. The mean age at death was 45 years and 75% were males. The overall suicide rates per 100 000 were 13.3 pre-collapse and 15 post-collapse revealing no overall differences in pre-to-post collapse (RR 1.12; CI 0.94-1.35). This was true for both men and women (RR 1.18; CI 0.96-1.46 and RR 0.96; CI 0.67-1.38, respectively). An increase in the unemployment rate was not associated with the overall suicide rate (RR 1.07; CI 0.86-1.33), and neither were changes in gross domestic product (RR 1.29; CI 0.94-1.79) or balance of trade (RR 1.08; CI 0.96-1.22). Conclusion: The economic collapse and rising unemployment rates in Iceland did not result in an overall increase in suicide rates. A strong welfare system and investing in social protection during the economic crisis may have mitigated suicide risk.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipRannis-Icelandic Research fund University of Iceland Research funden_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherOxford University Pressen_US
dc.relation.urlhttps://academic.oup.com/eurpub/article-abstract/30/6/1102/5891903?redirectedFrom=fulltexten_US
dc.rights© The Author(s) 2020. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Public Health Association. All rights reserved.
dc.subjectEfnahagskreppuren_US
dc.subjectSjálfsvígen_US
dc.subject.meshEconomic Recessionen_US
dc.subject.meshSuicideen_US
dc.subject.meshIcelanden_US
dc.titleSuicide rates in Iceland before and after the 2008 Global Recession: a nationwide population-based study.en_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.typeOtheren_US
dc.identifier.eissn1464-360X
dc.contributor.department1Centre of Public Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland. 2Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden. 3Department of Epidemiology, Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. 4Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Stockholm Centre for Psychiatric Research and Education, Karolinska Institute, Sweden. 5Research Institute in Emergency Care, The National University Hospital of Iceland, Reykjavík, Iceland. 6Faculty of Nursing, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland. 7Faculty of Economics, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland.en_US
dc.identifier.journalEuropean journal of public healthen_US
dc.rights.accessClosed - Lokaðen_US
dc.departmentcodeEAN12
dc.source.journaltitleEuropean journal of public health
dc.source.volume30
dc.source.issue6
dc.source.beginpage1102
dc.source.endpage1108
dc.source.countryEngland


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