Parent-youth agreement on psychiatric diagnoses and symptoms: results from an adolescent outpatient clinical sample.
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Harðardóttir, Harpa Hrönn
Højgaard, Davíð R M A
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CitationJónsdóttir H, Agnarsdóttir H, Jóhannesdóttir H, et al. Parent-youth agreement on psychiatric diagnoses and symptoms: results from an adolescent outpatient clinical sample [published online ahead of print, 2021 Nov 18]. Nord J Psychiatry. 2021;1-8. doi:10.1080/08039488.2021.2002405
AbstractObjective: Previous research suggests that agreement, between youths and their parents, regarding assessment of youth psychiatric problems is limited. Due to this discrepancy, a multi-informant, multimethod approach is recommended when gathering psychopathological information. This study examines parent-youth agreement regarding youth psychiatric problems. It does so at a diagnostic level and at a symptom level, as well as studying the influence of age, gender, depressive disorder, anxiety disorder and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) as potential moderators of agreement. Methods: The participants in this study were 61 adolescents aged 12-18 years and their parents. The K-SADS-PL DSM-5 was administered in two outpatient units, with adolescents and their parents interviewed separately. Participants also rated symptoms using a broad rating scale (Child Behavior Checklist and the Youth Self-Report) prior to being interviewed. Results: Parent-youth agreement at a diagnostic level ranged from fair to excellent. Agreement at a symptom level was lower than that at a diagnostic level, ranging from poor to fair. These results indicate that parent-youth agreement regarding diagnosis and symptoms is higher than in most previous studies. The results also suggest that some variables, such as age, gender, depressive disorders, and ADHD, potentially influence agreement on symptoms. Conclusion: These findings support the importance of gathering information from both children and parents, and that clinicians should consider moderating factors when integrating data from multiple informants. Keywords: Agreement; assessment; children; parent–youth agreement; schedule for affective disorders and schizophrenia for school-age children Kiddie-SADS-PL (K-SADS).
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