Chronic airflow obstruction and ambient particulate air pollution.
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AuthorsAmaral, Andre F S
Burney, Peter G J
Mannino, David M
Seemungal, Terence A R
Mahesh, Padukudru Anand
Lo, Li Cher
Wouters, Emiel F M
Bateman, Eric D
Al Ghobain, Mohammed
Obaseki, Daniel O
El Sony, Asma
Nafees, Asaad Ahmed
Erhabor, Gregory E
Marks, Guy B
Mbatchou Ngahane, Bertrand Hugo
Buist, A Sonia
MetadataShow full item record
CitationAmaral AFS, Burney PGJ, Patel J, et al. Chronic airflow obstruction and ambient particulate air pollution. Thorax. 2021;76(12):1236-1241. doi:10.1136/thoraxjnl-2020-216223
AbstractSmoking is the most well-established cause of chronic airflow obstruction (CAO) but particulate air pollution and poverty have also been implicated. We regressed sex-specific prevalence of CAO from 41 Burden of Obstructive Lung Disease study sites against smoking prevalence from the same study, the gross national income per capita and the local annual mean level of ambient particulate matter (PM2.5) using negative binomial regression. The prevalence of CAO was not independently associated with PM2.5 but was strongly associated with smoking and was also associated with poverty. Strengthening tobacco control and improved understanding of the link between CAO and poverty should be prioritised.
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Rights© Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2021. Re-use permitted under CC BY. Published by BMJ.
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