Tracking of overweight from early childhood to adolescence in cohorts born 1988 and 1994: overweight in a high birth weight population
Cast your vote
You can rate an item by clicking the amount of stars they wish to award to this item.
When enough users have cast their vote on this item, the average rating will also be shown.
Your vote was cast
Thank you for your feedback
Thank you for your feedback
MetadataShow full item record
CitationInt J Obes (Lond) 2006, 30(8):1265-71
AbstractOBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence and tracking of overweight and obesity in childhood cohorts born 1988 and 1994 in a population of high birth weight. SUBJECTS: Icelandic cohorts born in 1988 and 1994. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Out of 1328, 9- and 15-year-old children from 18 randomly selected schools all over Iceland, 934 participated (71%). Height and mass were measured by the investigators. Also, height and mass at birth, and at age 2.5, 6, 9, and 12 years, were collected from maternity wards and school health registers. RESULTS: The prevalence of overweight children ranged from 10.1% for 2.5-year-olds to 18.7% for 9-year-olds. No difference was observed between the two cohorts or sex. The prevalence of obesity in the 1994 cohort (4.3%) was significantly higher (P = 0.01) at age 6 years, compared to the 1988 cohort (1.1%). The children who were overweight at age 2.5 years were more likely to be overweight at age 6 (OR=12.2) and 9 years (OR=4.9), but not significantly at age 12 or 15 years, compared with normal weight 2.5-year-olds. Overweight children at age 6 or 9 years were much more likely (OR 10.4 and OR 18.6, respectively) to be overweight at age 15 years compared to their normal weight peers. Of overweight 6-year-olds, 51% were overweight at 15 years, and were about one-third of all overweight children at that age. The children that weighed above the 85th percentile at birth were more likely than the other children to be overweight at the age of 6 years (OR = 1.8), 9 years (OR = 2.1), and 15 (OR = 2.0) years. CONCLUSION: The results show high prevalence of overweight and obesity even before the start of compulsory schooling. Approximately, 51% of overweight 6-year-olds were still overweight after puberty. Therefore, preschool overweight prevention, along with prevention at school age, seems to be of uttermost importance.
DescriptionTo access publisher full text version of this article. Please click on the hyperlink in Additional Links field
- Early determinants of overweight at 4.5 years in a population-based longitudinal study.
- Authors: Dubois L, Girard M
- Issue date: 2006 Apr
- Identifying risk for obesity in early childhood.
- Authors: Nader PR, O'Brien M, Houts R, Bradley R, Belsky J, Crosnoe R, Friedman S, Mei Z, Susman EJ, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Early Child Care Research Network.
- Issue date: 2006 Sep
- Growth patterns and obesity development in overweight or normal-weight 13-year-old adolescents: the STRIP study.
- Authors: Lagström H, Hakanen M, Niinikoski H, Viikari J, Rönnemaa T, Saarinen M, Pahkala K, Simell O
- Issue date: 2008 Oct
- Predicting preschooler obesity at birth: the role of maternal obesity in early pregnancy.
- Authors: Whitaker RC
- Issue date: 2004 Jul
- Ethnic differences in the prevalence of overweight among young children in Hawaii.
- Authors: Baruffi G, Hardy CJ, Waslien CI, Uyehara SJ, Krupitsky D
- Issue date: 2004 Nov